REMOVING A LOAD BEARING WALL
Open Concept Remodeling
One of the most popular trends in remodeling in Toronto over the last 10 years has been to expand the size of the main floor by removing walls to create an open concept kitchen and living room. If you live in the Toronto and GTA and want to remove the load bearing wall,
please contact us (647)408 5050
Traditionally, older homes were not made to be open concept but now that everyone is renovating older homes and creating an open concept living space, the walls are being knock down.
The most common type of home in Toronto, Mississauga, Richmond Hill, Markham, East Gwillimbury, Woodbridge, Newmarket, Aurora, Vaughan, ….is a ‘Tall & Skinny”, and if you own a tall and skinny, removing a load bearing wall will be required 85% of the time.
In the picture below you can see how two load bearing walls were removed to create an open space. A large beam was installed to handle the load that was once carried by the existing walls. The ceiling in the kitchen and living room will be completely removed which is going to make this space look so much bigger!
Load-bearing wall is any interior wall that is an active structural element, meaning, it carries load (weight) from the floor above or roof structure above to the foundation bellow. Load-bearing walls are critical to the structure of your home. Unsupported, the weight of the home can result in buckling and an unfortunate roof collapse. When in doubt, it’s always a good idea to consult with an engineer who can gauge the weight load affected and advise on what you will need to do to keep your home upright.
Before you start the process of removing the wall, you should figure out the importance of a load bearing wall. Removing a load-bearing wall and replacing it with a beam is significantly different from removing interior non-load bearing walls.
The same principle works for load-bearing walls but on a larger scale. When you or a contractor remove a load-bearing wall, it must be replaced with either:
A horizontal structural beam of sufficient structural quality must replace the wall. Other than the two ends, the beam has no vertical bearing points.
Beam and post:
A horizontal beam that has one or more intermediate posts between the two end bearing points is also an acceptable replacement.
LOAD BEARING WALL REMOVAL NEED PERMIT APPROVAL
Generally, you don’t need to apply for planning permission for internal alterations, including removing internal walls. … Plus, depending on whether your wall is load bearing or not, you may need approval from local municipal. Basically, any structural change to a house requires a building permit.
What Load do Load-Bearing Walls Hold Up?
In single story houses, load bearing walls hold up the ceiling joists and gravity loads from the roof rafters. These rafters transfer the roof’s weight to the load bearing wall. In two story construction, load-bearing walls support both the floors above and the roof. In the illustration above you can see that load bearing walls are near the center of the structure, and “carry” the load from the roof above to the foundation bellow.
WHAT WE DO
We provide both the engineering and architectural know-how to take down any wall and transform your space into something exceptional. Our team will generate architectural layouts, deliver structural analysis, and beam selection as well as acquire the required municipal permits and stamps to open your residential space